Nail Down/Staple: Unfinished and Pre-finished Wood Floor Installation

In this method we nail down/staple solid unfinished, pre-finished or engineered wood strips to the sub-flooring (usually either plywood or plank wood). The floor is completed with random length strips. A few strips are then placed down and arranged prior to fastening, to ensure proper placement and tautness.

Glue Down Flooring Installation

In this method, we glue down the engineered wood strips or parquet directly to the sub-floor. In most cases the sub-floor is usually concrete, so our team pays extra attention to moisture. With glue down installations, it is important to consider any kind of allergies and sensitivities to smell. We use an acrylic based glue which is more mild than other forms of adhesives. This glue down method for flooring can be accessible and walked on the next day of installation, and furniture can be moved in next day.

Nail Down/Staple: Unfinished and Pre-finished Wood Floor Installation

In this method, we glue together the tongue and groove of every plank. The floor floats over a foam cushioned padding, which helps with stability. If the flooring has a locking system, our team can lock the pieces together without adhesives. This can be used with either laminate or engineered wood floor, but, in each case, the flooring is pre-finished. However, not all engineered surfaces can be floated. Floating wood floor installation can also be placed over sub-flooring of questionable quality, unlike the other two modes of installation. Also, floating wood floors are a great option if you have multiple layers of flooring and do not want to remove them all. With the floating wood floor installation option, the wear layer is important to consider as the thicker the layer the more the hardwood floor can be refinished. Another advantage to laminate flooring is that it generally gives a hollow feeling underfoot. Remember that floating floors expand and contract as a unit because the pieces of fused together, so it is wise to allow for as much expansion area as possible.

Our wood floor fitting service and hardwood flooring installation comes with an ultimate attention to detail focused on durability and utmost quality. We never cut corners or retain our advice on proper floor preparation before laying hardwood flooring or putting the final layer of your parquet, solid wood or engineered wood floor. Our flooring experts partner with leading industry suppliers of oak flooring and offer an extensive range of flooring materials, skirting, beadings and insulation to match and surpass your expectations..

If you are looking for professional flooring installers, please contact Great Flooring Service Inc. We will be more than happy to help you with your Hardwood Flooring project. Our company provides Professional Wood Floor and Tile Services, Dustless Sanding, Custom Staining and Sealing, Refinishing of existing wood floors without the dust, Marble Tile Installation, Installation of Granite Tile, Hardwood Stair Refinishing and Installation of Wood Work Designs .

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It is important to understand where certain types of hardwood flooring can be used, in order to select the flooring that is right for you. With this approach, your flooring is more susceptible to lasting a lifetime. Our Illustration below (to the right) exemplifies an idea in which location products can and cannot be used. The brown area represents the soil line from your foundation, and red shows common floor joist systems.

Wood Moisture:

The durability of hardwood floors is measured by its moisture content; in other words, the amount of water a particular woocan carry. Some types can hold up to 200% of its actual wood weight! Once the wood has been cut, it dries and is typically kept in a room with a 30% humidity level. At this level, most wood are very stable. Any change below or above 30% may cause wood to either shrink or swell.

Preventative measures should be taken before and during the installation process in order to reduce the risk of moisture damage. Letting your floors acclimate and adjust to your home environment is an essential part of the process. Allowing your wood floors to stabilize will help ensure less floor movement during and after installation.

Acclimation could take anywhere from a few hours to a week, depending on climate and temperature of your home, as well as the moisture content of the wood

RELATIVE HARDNESS OF SELECTED WOOD FLOORING SPECIES

Table (Janka) For Domestic & Exotic Wood Flooring Species:

The diagram below is a measure of the rigidity of wood, produced by a variation on the Brinell hardness test. The test measures the force required to push a steel ball with a diameter of 11.28 millimeters (0.444 inches) into the wood to a depth of half the ball’s diameter (the diameter was chosen to produce a circle with an area of 100 square millimeters). In Janka's original test, the results were expressed in units of pressure, but when the ASTM standardized the test (tentative issue in 1922, standard first formally adopted in 1927), it focuses on results in units of force.

The results are stated in various ways in different countries, which can lead to confusion, especially since the name of the actual unit employed is often not attached. In the United States, the measurement is in pounds-force. In Sweden it is apparently in kilogram-force (kgf), and in Australia, Janka hardness ratings are either in newtons (N) or kilonewtons (kN). Sometimes the results are treated as units, e.g., “360 janka.”

The hardness of wood usually varies with the direction of the grain. If testing is done on the surface of a plank, with the force exerted perpendicular to the grain, the test is said to be of “side hardness.” Side hardness of a block of wood measured in the direction of the tree's center (radially), and on a tangent to the tree's rings (tangentially), are typically very similar. End testing is also sometimes done (that is, testing the cut surface of a stump would be a test of end hardness). The side hardness of teak, for example, is in the range 3730 to 4800 newtons, while the end hardness is in the range 4150 to 4500 newtons. The most common use of Janka hardness ratings is to determine whether a species is suitable for use as flooring. We show the common name preferred by the Forest Products Laboratory. Except as noted, all samples were tested at 12% moisture content, typical of air-dried wood. Wood varies; a sample picked at random is expected to have a side hardness between about 80% and 120% of the value shown. Blank cells occur where a wood is sold commercially but so far we have found no hardness

Flooring Types

Solid
Solid constructed wood floor products ranging from 1/4" to 25/32" with some product of 1". Solid flooring gives you a great opportunity for customization. Your choice of species, stains and finishes all contribute to the rationalization of a solid floor design. This is an excellent choice in most areas of a home on the ground level or above. In most cases with solid wood you can use sanding and finishing technicians to resurface these type of wood flooring.

Engineered hardwood flooring
Wood Flooring products constructed in various layers, with grain alternating in opposite directions give this product more stability for installation in areas where solid wood floor products can not be installed. This product comes in various ply's ( layers), most being 3-5 ply. Also, the engineered wood slabs can be nailed OR glued, which allows it to be used over the top of the radiant (in floor) heating systems without problems. This type of hardwood flooring can be installed as a floating floor.

Laminate
Is a base of MDF - Medium Density Fiberboard with a computer-generated image (picture) of wood flooring on top. The positive aspect to laminate is that it can be used anywhere, and everywhere. Majority of these flooring styles are guaranteed against water damage, and other dangers that affect wood. The wood is floated over a foam or cork underlay, which allows the floor to move easily. The floors are 'floated' which means that they are not attached to the sub floor, rather to each other (some with glue, others with a tension system that holds them together).

Strip
Wood flooring with a lineal tongue and groove construction most often in 1.5" and 2.25", solid or engineered, unfinished or prefinished.




Plank
Same as strip except for width variation. Most start at 3" or 3.25" and go up in width in 1" increments. Some varieties reach 12-14" in solid or engineered, unfinished or prefinished.





Parquet
Pieces of wood floor construct into a pattern or design, most often geometric in nature. Usually this type of flooring is glued to the sub floor, and can be unfinished or prefinished.

Hardwood floors are an investment that will last a lifetime with the proper installation and care. There are different modes of floor installation for engineered wood strips, solid wood strips, and parquet. With all modes of floor installation, moisture testing is imperative to ensure proper floor installation. Installation can be a painstaking process but we take pride in leaving your home making it even more beautiful than before. Our expert technicians have seen every situation and are proficient in the three different types hardwood floor installing .

Our comprehensive service ensures that no detail gets overlooked. We determine the temperature levels of the subfloor, as well as the presence of a moisture barrier and sound barrier to guarantee your satisfaction with the flooring installation.